We are a Swiss corporation. Our corporate
affairs are governed by our articles of association and by the laws governing companies, including listed companies, incorporated
in Switzerland. The rights of our shareholders and the responsibilities of members of our board of directors may be different from
the rights and obligations of shareholders and directors of companies governed by the laws of U.S. jurisdictions. In the performance
of its duties, our board of directors is required by Swiss law to consider the interests of our Company, our shareholders, our
employees and other stakeholders, in all cases with due observation of the principles of reasonableness and fairness. It is possible
that some of these parties will have interests that are different from, or in addition to, your interests as a shareholder. Swiss
corporate law limits the ability of our shareholders to challenge resolutions made or other actions taken by our board of directors
in court. Our shareholders generally are not permitted to file a suit to reverse a decision or an action taken by our board of
directors but are instead only permitted to seek damages for breaches of fiduciary duty. As a matter of Swiss law, shareholder
claims against a member of our board of directors for breach of fiduciary duty would have to be brought in Lausanne, Switzerland,
or where the relevant member of our board of directors is domiciled. In addition, under Swiss law, any claims by our shareholders
against us must be brought exclusively in Lausanne, Switzerland.
Our common shares are issued under the laws
of Switzerland, which may not protect investors in a similar fashion afforded by incorporation in a U.S. state.
We are organized under the laws of Switzerland.
There can be no assurance that Swiss law will not change in the future or that it will serve to protect investors in a similar
fashion afforded under corporate law principles in the U.S., which could adversely affect the rights of investors.
Our status as a Swiss corporation may limit
our flexibility with respect to certain aspects of capital management and may cause us to be unable to make distributions without
subjecting our shareholders to Swiss withholding tax.
Swiss law allows our shareholders to authorize
share capital that can be issued by the board of directors without additional shareholder approval. This authorization is limited
to 50% of the existing registered share capital and must be renewed by the shareholders every two years. Additionally, subject
to specified exceptions, Swiss law grants pre-emptive subscription rights to existing shareholders to subscribe to any new issuance
of shares. Any ordinary share capital increase resolution preserving pre-emptive subscription rights expires after three months
and requires a simple majority of the votes cast at the shareholder’s meeting regardless of abstentions and empty or invalid
votes. Swiss law also does not provide as much flexibility in the various terms that can attach to different classes of shares
as the laws of some other jurisdictions. Swiss law also reserves for approval by shareholders certain corporate actions over which
a board of directors would have authority in some other jurisdictions. For example, dividends must be approved by shareholders.
These Swiss law requirements relating to our capital management may limit our flexibility, and situations may arise where greater
flexibility would have provided substantial benefits to our shareholders.
Under Swiss law, a Swiss corporation may
pay dividends only if the corporation has sufficient distributable profits from previous fiscal years, or if the corporation has
distributable reserves, each as evidenced by its audited statutory balance sheet. Freely distributable reserves are generally booked
either as “free reserves” or as “capital contributions” (apports de capital, contributions received
from shareholders) in the “reserve from capital contributions.” Distributions may be made out of issued share capital—the
aggregate nominal value of a company’s issued shares—only by way of a capital reduction. As of December 31, 2018, the
Company has CHF 289.6 million of reserves from capital contributions and CHF 1,350,138 of issued share capital (consisting of 67,506,879
common shares each with a nominal value of CHF 0.02 and no preferred shares) on its audited statutory balance sheet.
We expect the aggregate of these amounts
(less the lowest legally possible issued share capital and legal reserve of together CHF 150,000) to represent the amount available
for future dividends or capital reductions on a Swiss withholding tax-free basis. We will not be able to pay dividends or make
other distributions to shareholders on a Swiss withholding tax-free basis in excess of that amount unless the Company increases
its share capital or its reserves from capital contributions. We would also be able to pay dividends out of distributable profits
or freely distributable reserves but such dividends would be subject to Swiss withholding taxes. There can be no assurance that
we will have sufficient distributable profits, free reserves, reserves from capital contributions or registered share capital to
pay a dividend or effect a capital reduction, that our shareholders will approve dividends or capital reductions proposed by us,
or that we will be able to meet the other legal requirements for dividend payments or distributions as a result of capital reductions.